The employment situation has entered the best period in recent years, and structural recruitment is hard to come back.

February 24, 2021

When the unemployment rate reaches a new low in recent years and the number of jobs is created the most, it is normal to have difficulty in recruiting workers. In recent years, the annual working-age population has dropped by several million, which has reduced the supply of labor, but the economy is still growing steadily and demanding labor. Zhang Yaping, as the secretary general of Hubei Qianjiang City Garment Association, how Qianjiang took over the orders that swarmed and became his immediate anxious problem. Wenzhou, Wuhan and other places have transferred a large number of enterprise orders because of the rising cost of land and labor. According to his calculations, there are currently about 100,000 people in the Qianjiang garment industry, and the monthly salary of 4,000 yuan to 7,000 yuan is still difficult to recruit. Qianjiang is planning to build the largest garment foundry base in the central and even the country, and to concentrate the garment industry workers in Hubei and central China for production. This will solve the problem of land use and employment. "Qianjiang is now rewarding 2,000 yuan for each introducer if he recruits a garment worker and can work for one year." Zhang Yaping said that various methods have been used to solve the shortage of talent. Qianjiang garment industry is a microcosm of the employment shortages across the country and the difficulty of recruitment. According to a number of survey reports released by the Statistics Bureau of Hubei and Anhui, it is more difficult to recruit in the first half of this year. In the first half of this year, 72.3% of enterprises in Anhui had difficulties in recruiting workers. In the second quarter of Hubei, 58.8% of service enterprises above designated size considered that there was a problem of recruitment difficulties. In the first half of Sichuan, there were 77.8% of enterprises in the first half of the year. According to a survey conducted by the Fengxian District Statistics Bureau in Shanghai, more than 70% of enterprises believe that there is a problem of rising labor costs and difficulty in recruiting workers. Local surveys show that employment is more difficult, which is related to the current employment situation entering the best period of history. According to data from the Ministry of Human Resources and other departments, in the second quarter of this year, the manpower ratio of the human resources market was 1.23, an increase of 0.12 year-on-year, the highest in history. In the first half of this year, the number of new jobs in urban areas was 7.52 million, an increase of 170,000 over the same period of the previous year. The age of the Chinese labor force has dropped from 940.72 million in 2011 to 909.99 million in 2017, a decrease of nearly 40 million. As the number of young people in the workforce continues to decline, the number of employed people continues to increase, reflecting the fact that employment has entered a full stage. Gao Wenxue, director of the Human Resources Research Office of the Institute of Population, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that when the unemployment rate reaches a new low in recent years and the number of jobs is created the most, it is normal for recruitment to be difficult. In recent years, the annual working-age population has dropped by several million, which has reduced the supply of labor, but the economy is still growing steadily and demanding labor. “Many provincial capitals have launched a rush to attract young people to work, which has made the supply and demand of many urban laborers with little advantage,” he said. The number of employed people has reached a new high in recent years. The so-called full employment means that people who are willing to work under a certain wage level have obtained job opportunities. The reality is that the national unemployment rate has entered a new low for many years, and both the number of employed people and the rate of job-seeking have reached a record high. Lai Desheng, dean of the School of Economics and Business Administration of Beijing Normal University, pointed out that the current working-age population continues to decline, but the number of employed people continues to increase, indicating that the labor participation rate is increasing. "For example, many people have not retired early in the past and have not returned to work. This reflects the current employment situation." He pointed out that the current employment situation is good. In addition to the continuous decline in the working-age population, the rural areas are also developing rapidly. Rural revitalization has created a large number of employment opportunities. In the past, the increase in urban migrant workers was mainly dependent on rural areas, and now it has been transferred less. At the same time, the number of people retiring in the country is several million per year. The vacated posts need to be topped. In the first half of this year, there are 18,100 registered enterprises per day. Each enterprise solves the employment of several people and will increase tens of millions of jobs throughout the year. . According to data from the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, at the end of the second quarter of this year, the national urban registered unemployment rate was 3.83%, down 0.12 percentage points year-on-year, the lowest since 2002. According to a survey by the National Bureau of Statistics, the national urban survey unemployment rate was below 5% for three consecutive months and 4.8% for June, the lowest level since the survey was conducted in 2016. In addition, the labor demand ratio in the second quarter of this year was 1.23, an increase of 0.12. That is, every job seeker is faced with 1.23 jobs, which is also the highest in history. From the total number of people employed, the growth is even more rapid. For example, in 1952, the number of employed people in the country was 207 million, and in 2007 it was 776.4 million, a record high. This year, it continued to increase. In the first half of the year, it achieved a total of 7.52 million new jobs in urban areas, an increase of 170,000. The important sign that employment is now at a full stage is that as long as one is willing to work, there will be employment opportunities. Take the clothing industry as an example. Around 2010, Hubei employees in Wuhan only had a salary of about 3,000 yuan. At present, the overall wage of the industry has risen to about 5,000 yuan. Good employees even get tens of thousands of monthly salary, but recruitment is more difficult. The same is true of Qianjiang, which is directly under the jurisdiction of Hubei Province. Zhang Yaping, secretary general of Hubei Qianjiang Garment Association, told reporters why there are more jobs, higher incomes, and harder recruitment, which is related to fewer employees. For example, the current monthly salary of Qianjiang clothing practitioners is around 4,000-7,000 yuan, but it is difficult to recruit people. Actual practitioners have also lost tens of thousands in recent years. On the one hand, many people are transferred to other industries, and the tailoring of clothing in the past is getting older. It is difficult for young people to do this industry. “The older generation generally let their children go to college. Many of the families are only children, and they are not willing to work harder,” he explained. In view of the difficulty in recruiting workers, he believes that there is a solution, that is, processing capital. For example, if Qianjiang and Xiantao in Hubei plan to build tens of thousands of mu to build a garment factory, and thus create a clothing OEM base in Hubei and even the whole world, and produce OEM products for global and national famous brands, it can raise the wage level of garment production, and everyone should reach The monthly salary of 10,000 yuan is not difficult. According to the understanding, the enterprises producing garments in Wuhan City are looking for a way out because of the high cost, and many companies have already taken a look at Qianjiang. Zhang Yaping believes that if thousands of clothing enterprises to be shut down in Wuhan are transferred to Qianjiang, hundreds of thousands of people will go to Qianjiang for employment, which can solve the shortage of labor in Qianjiang, and can also be a large clothing industry. Qianjiang can also Become a new clothing industry in the country. But this needs to solve the problem of tens of thousands of acres of land and employment. Beware of rising labor costs At a time when the national unemployment rate hit a record low, it is more difficult for many localities to find recruitment and needs to be highly vigilant. The Anhui Bureau of Statistics found that it was getting harder and harder to recruit in the province in the first half of this year, and 72.3% of the enterprises had difficulties in recruiting workers, up 7.4 percentage points year-on-year. Sichuan Statistics Bureau also found that the proportion of enterprises in the province in the first half of the year was 77.8%, an increase of 1.2 percentage points from the end of last year. According to a survey by Hubei Bureau of Statistics, in the second quarter of this year, 58.8% of service enterprises above designated size considered it difficult to recruit workers. The problem is that the company lacks the talents it needs. According to a survey conducted by the Fengxian District Statistics Bureau in Shanghai, more than 70% of enterprises believe that there is an increase in labor costs and there is a problem of recruitment difficulties. Especially for labor-intensive enterprises, due to factors such as the increase in the minimum wage standard and the increase in the social security base, the problem of rising labor costs is more prominent. According to these surveys, the current lack of work is not only lack of senior technicians, but also a shortage of general workers. For example, in the first half of this year, Anhui's ordinary technicians and senior technicians were the most unemployed. Among them, the proportion of ordinary technicians lacking ordinary technicians was 44.3%, up 4.6 percentage points year-on-year; the proportion of senior technicians was 41.4%, up 0.9 percentage points year-on-year. This lack of work is caused by rising costs such as wages. For example, the median monthly salary of Anhui new recruits in the first half of the year was 2,500 yuan, an increase of 200 yuan over the same period of the previous year. On the other hand, the company kept improving the working environment and improving life. Treatment, such fees are still increasing year by year. Some enterprises report that the cost of labor increased by 8%-10% this year. Some enterprises also reported that the social security of workers and workers paid by enterprises in Anhui Province is higher than that of other provinces. The survey also found that 72.6% of Anhui's employees were unstable and there was a loss of staff. Young employees in the lost staff account for a relatively high proportion, and the number of lost employees is the highest in one year. Young people’s work is unstable because young people’s employment expectations are constantly rising and they are more inclined to work “decent and promising”. Liu Fuzhen, president of the China Human Resources Development Research Association, believes that the unemployment rate of a country can be around 5%, indicating that the economy is playing a big role in employment. However, the current survey of unemployment is lower, which may be related to the current national service industry becoming the pillar of employment. And the cities attract talents to fight, which makes it easier for young people to choose better local jobs and get better income, which makes it more difficult for people to find people in many places. In addition, local governments purchase more employment services and recruit a large number of young people, such as many types of auxiliary workers, making it harder for young people to recruit talents. The reporters of the 21st Century Business Herald learned that the current positions that reflect the lack of work are mostly in the general manufacturing industry, and new technical posts reflecting the needs of transformation and upgrading are also lacking. According to the data, in the first half of this year, in the first half of this year, the number of employees (such as ordinary employees, sales staff, general service personnel, etc.) was the highest, accounting for 40.9%, an increase of 8.6 percentage points compared with the end of last year. From the perspective of the industry, information transmission, software and information technology services, manufacturing, wholesale and retail industries reflect the lack of enterprises, accounting for 93.8%, 82.2% and 80.6% respectively. Among them, the gap in the software industry is large, reflecting the increasing demand for enterprise technology upgrades. In addition, the current lack of work in many places is related to the rapid economic development and increased orders. For example, in the first half of Sichuan, it was difficult to recruit workers because of the increase in production tasks or orders, accounting for 25.5%. Yan Xinmin, director of the Human Resources Research Institute of South China Normal University, believes that the difficulty of recruiting workers in some places will speed up the expansion to other regions. Because trade protectionism in developed countries has much impact on employment, it should also be highly concerned. He believes that if some local manufacturing industries are too low-end, they should speed up the pace of upgrading. In many coastal industries, the level of intelligent technology is getting higher and higher, and the labor used is becoming less and less. "So I personally think that the current recruitment is difficult only for local, some industries and some laborers. In the past few years, Guangdong has generally encountered difficulties in recruiting workers. It is totally different." Zhang Yaping, secretary general of Hubei Qianjiang Clothing Association, pointed out that Jiang garment industry is improving its level of intelligence, but it is still difficult to fully use automation in clothing, and it still needs a large number of employees. He believes that the national residents have entered the stage of consumption upgrading, and the demand for higher quality and more varieties of clothing is increasing. The Hubei Provincial Bureau of Statistics has given the suggestion that to solve the problem of “difficult recruitment”, it is possible to implement an innovation-driven development strategy and strengthen the cultivation of highly skilled personnel. Encourage enterprises to extensively carry out on-the-job employee skills training and high-skilled personnel training to improve the quality of employees and cultivate the talents needed for enterprise development.

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