Smart home and security four-point cooperation

November 09, 2019

Smart home and security four-point cooperation

Although the concept of smart home has been promoted in China for six or seven years, it is still a new market. At present, its manufacturers are mainly concentrated in such economically developed areas as Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and Beijing. If they use a smart home in the full sense to measure these manufacturers, there may be few. However, if the traditional security manufacturers, such as access control, intercom, monitoring, security, three-table transmission, integrated wiring, information appliances and other manufacturers, as well as intelligent system distributors, integrators into, then the intelligence The manufacturer of home products is a very large number.

In recent years, the sales volume of smart home systems has shown a rising trend. The concept products of the smart home market have radiated from the southern coastal areas and large and medium-sized cities in the interior to the western regions. In addition, in 2011, China introduced the “12th Five-Year Plan of the Internet of Things”, which included smart homes as targets of national key development and support. In 2013, the State Council encouraged private capital to be applied to the Internet of Things. In the future, smart homes in China will usher in peak demand. period.

First, look at the status of the smart home industry from the perspective of security

Smart homes first emerged in foreign countries and entered China with only a dozen years of history. After more than ten years of hard and long running, smart homes have begun to emerge in China and consumers have a certain degree of awareness. As far as the development of the industry is concerned, companies that have taken the lead in the smart home market are mostly security practitioners and have their own industry limitations. Such as lighting control, security companies are good at weak electricity, generally use DC relays, single load is low, generally not more than 20 watts, lighting pressure is too large, limiting the scope of application. In the same link, European and American brands use AC contactors, and the single load can be as low as 1,000 watts.

On the other hand, the use of intrusion detectors in the security industry means that the identification of intrusions is the main appeal in terms of security functions. Applying directly to smart homes can not meet the demand. Smart homes emphasize the presence of perceptions. In addition to guarding against intrusions, there are feedbacks on the user's presence or exit and whether someone is inside or outside the room. In this regard, the detector needs to have functions such as inching, presence judgment, and the like other than intrusion detection. At present, there are only a few companies that have mastered detection technology in China.

Different from European and American home users' self-assembly and self-maintenance habits, at present, China's smart home market is mainly for high-end residential, users are more concerned about the use of results, traditional security services, long response cycle, the system of human intervention, have greatly reduced the product Reputation, smart home companies must invest a lot of manpower and resources to integrate resources, optimize the design, installation and maintenance links.

After many years of development, the security industry has formed a large-scale market environment, and low-quality products also have a considerable market. For well-known reasons, the market does require a lot of low-quality and low-quality products. A large number of market demands further reduce the cost of inferior products, and more competition will further exacerbate the quality-for-cost level. Moreover, unlike general consumer products, it is difficult for electronic products to judge the merits of a product from its appearance. Many low-quality products have novel casings and bright circuit boards. They have no problem looking at them. However, the most important component quality is the cost, and it is difficult for users to judge by their appearance.

In this regard, practitioners are also naturally aware that bad warranty and good attitude. The problem lies in the period of warranty, some products, the so-called warranty period is also the life of the equipment, warranty repair repair can still be used, over protection on the face of a large number of equipment failures, equipment stability is low, repair is not repair is not. Many users must use security equipment, buy a bad one, repair it badly, buy it again, and repeat the vicious circle. In the security industry, this kind of frustration does exist.

The smart home market is another situation where security and inferior products are not suitable. First of all, from the output point of view, the current smart home market does not have such a large volume of security market, can not effectively dilute the cost, the so-called low-cost strategy has no obvious advantage. Second, unlike the relatively simple and mature structure of security, the smart home market and the presence of foreign competitors have pushed up the technical threshold, and the inferior products cannot meet the functional requirements of the equipment. Again, currently smart home users are dominated by high-end individual users, and their appeal is strong. The pattern of repairing with bad can't satisfy the requirements of such users. In recent years, the pace of the smart home market has slowed down. More and more smart home companies have taken notice of these problems and devoted more energy to optimizing systems and improving equipment.

Second, the industry development trend

The professional division of industrialization will gradually take shape. At present, the smart home industry lacks top-level planning and design, and the degree of brand aggregation is not high. The scale of production has not achieved industrial-scale mass production. The production of smart home products is complex and involves many types of technologies. Although existing technologies of security companies have common characteristics, they do not meet the technical requirements of smart homes. In recent years, the market response has also shown that the buzzing product updates have slowed down significantly. Today's smart home industry does not have pillar-type companies, and the utilitarian nature of research and development of each company is also too strong. When its own business can not meet product demand, cooperation will become a mutually beneficial model. Industrialization of professional division of labor will be carried out from the following hot units:

(a) master software unit

The smart home platform software is mostly self-developed, that is, who owns the software. Most of the software is not well-completed due to well-known reasons. Mainly reflected in: the function is single, the expansion function is poor or does not exist; the design lacks human nature, the operation is cumbersome; the stability is doubtful, BUG is more. To solve these problems, on the one hand, you can increase your investment and concentrate on software development. On the other hand, you can use off-the-shelf resources or develop modules for apportionment. As time progresses, hardware devices become increasingly powerful and cost-effective, and it is not difficult for a smart home platform to run an existing mature operating system (such as a mobile phone operating system), and compatibility and scalability issues are solved once. In addition, professional software can also be developed in sub-modules of the alliance to standardize hardware conditions and tailored to ensure more system efficiency.

(b) Control Display Unit

The core control and the center display are organic ones. The control intention is expressed through the center display. The selection of the humanized control scheme is also achieved through the operation center display screen. These two parts are indispensable, and it is only inconvenient to divide the two sides.

(c) Probe Communication Unit

In the mature foreign security market, there are no shortage of well-known manufacturers with strong detectors. The research of the detectors is a profound knowledge. The smart home detectors are not satisfied with motion detection, and the detection is the development direction. This aspect cannot be followed. The old way of cost priority, only the production of high quality and reliable products, companies can become bigger and stronger.

(d) End execution unit

The market execution and capacity of the end execution unit is the strongest. It can improve the product reputation and continue to meet people's needs for smart home life. The core end execution unit can be produced by a single company itself. The development of peripheral end execution unit products may require many small and micro enterprises to complete. A small discovery may be able to meet the needs of home life, and many small discoveries will generate great business opportunities.

The smart entry-based personnel access management technology will replace the traditional security manual installation and disarming methods. Since the introduction of security and alarm equipment from the United States in the 1980s, both wired and wireless methods require human intervention systems to manually set and disarm the management system. Although remote management, ID, and IC card technology have emerged in recent years, due to simplicity, reliability, and low cost, manual and manual disarming methods have been used to dominate the security industry at home and abroad for half a century and so far it seems impossible to shake.

The so-called manual setting and disarming means that the security level is divided into scene modes such as going out, at home, and sleeping, and the outbound stage is a full-detection mode, and any detector is triggered to send an alarm signal; the full detector is turned off at home level, and no alarm is issued; the sleep level is only Start the detector by the window and the room detector will not start.

In the course of use, human intervention is an integral part of the system by manually switching between various modes. In the final analysis, this is because the system lacks the capability of status judgment and cannot distinguish between the intruder and the user. It needs to divide the usage period with the help of human intelligence. In scene mode, triggering the corresponding detector is an alarm. Although logically speaking, this can also meet security needs, but it also kidnaps users in disguise, shifting the risk of false positives. For out-of-home, home, and sleep modes, users need to switch between home mode, sleep mode, and out-of-office mode. Misoperations and missed operations will all lead to false positives. For museum-type public facilities, security is not a problem as part of the work, but it is obviously too high for general home users. This type of so-called smart security is really limited in intelligence.

The core idea of ​​smart entry-based personnel access management technology is to eliminate manual operations and to independently perform all-weather system operations. The disarming concept was cancelled and the system unifiedly judged the uploaded probe information to distinguish users, visitors and intruders. It is specifically divided into the following steps: entering the home, judging users as legal through rolling code streams, using long-range RFID, etc., and legal users entering from the entrance door are visitors, counting visitors through infrared or video, in addition It is an intruder. Indoor links, windows and other parts of the contact with the outside world, equipped with directional infrared curtain detectors, indoor start movement in the direction of the window is legal, no alarm; the start of the indoor direction to the interior is illegal, alarm.

At this point, the traditional security link is completed, users do not need to deliberately operate, just like ordinary households. Through this system, intelligent related functions can also be expanded, such as background music follow-up, new-wind-power control based on the number of people, intelligent opening and closing of central air-conditioning, and the like.

Since the development of the smart home industry, the atmosphere of high standards has gradually faded. Fancy features and tedious operations frequently test the system stability that is not high. Fortunately, most practitioners gradually recalled the original intention of smart homes, providing users with more convenient and comfortable life, more simplified operations and more intimate services than everyday life. The steady development will not advance, increase the investment in capital, and pay great attention to research and development of the company will make a difference, the sci-fi movie-like smart home life in the near future.

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